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What is Dyslexia?
Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurobiological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.*
Dyslexia is a medical problem with an educational solution. By providing a style of teaching that meets the unique learning needs of students with dyslexia, these bright children can go on to achieve their highest academic potential.
*Adopted by the IDA Board of Directors, Nov. 12, 2002.
This Definition is also used by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD).